The LLA is governed by a five-member Board of Commission, appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. There are four mandate areas organized under four departments each headed by a commissioner:
- Land Policy and Planning
- Land Administration
- Land Use and Management; and
- Administration and Customer Services
An Executive Director, appointed by the Board of Commission, assists the Chairman, the executive head of the Authority, in the day-to-day administration and operation of the agency. The LLA Act also provides for the establishment of decentralized structures, namely county administrative or land offices, and county land boards for land and natural resource governance in the fifteen (15) counties of Liberia.